Saraland is a city in Mobile County, Alabama, in the United States, and a suburb of Mobile, Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city is 13,405. It is a part of the Mobile metropolitan area and is the third largest city in Mobile County.
The land area, that was to become the present-day Saraland, was included in a Spanish land grant to Don Diego Alvarez. Hence, descendants of Alvarez were the ones to give the community its first name: Alvarez Station. Later land squatters moved into the area and were able, legally, in 1800 to begin purchasing property. In 1807, a land office was opened in St. Stephens to handle all land transactions. Some of the pioneer families who seized the opportunity to buy up sections were named Alvarez, Rice, Hartley, Moore, LaCoste, Williams, Tool and Cleveland. Ultimately, Alvarez Station was called Cleveland Station. The present name of the city is reported to have been given by C.J. DeWitt, a retired minister editor who moved south in 1890 for health reasons. He opened the first post office on the Southern Railroad in 1895. The Community is purported to be the namesake of his beloved wife, Sara.
The town was sparsely populated during the first part of the 20th century until an industrial and population boom occurred in neighboring Mobile. Northward expansion of Mobile in the 1940s and ’50s brought about the incorporation of Saraland in 1957. At the time of incorporation, the city reported only 125 residents. By the 1960 U.S. Census, annexations had swelled the population to 4,595. In 1980, census figures cited 9,844 Saraland residents. Current census records report that as of 2000, the population has grown to 12,288.
On August 15, 2011, the city went smoke free, becoming the third of three smokeless cities in Mobile County.
Primary and secondary schools
In June 2006, the city voted to break away from the Mobile County Public School System and form its own school system. The school district came into effect in the northern hemisphere fall 2008; at the time Saraland Elementary and Adams Middle were now a part of the city district, but high schoolers had to attend county schools because Saraland High School was not yet open. Prior to the split of the City of Saraland from the county system in 2009, Saraland was zoned to Satsuma High School. 2011 was the final year in which Saraland residents were permitted by the county to attend county schools. Several years prior to 2009 officials of Saraland, Satsuma, and Chickasaw contemplated forming the “Delta School District.”
Private schools include Evangel Christian School, North Mobile Christian School, and the Saraland Yeshiva right outside of the city limits.
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